Create Shortcuts .lnk or .url Files With PowerShell

Have you ever needed to create shortcuts while scripting. Shortcuts are simply .lnk files with a few details highlighting a few details of the file that you would like to launch. Many people simply copy an already created shortcut. With PowerShell you can actually create a shortcut from scratch by utilizing the New-Object commandlet. Here is the quick run down with explanation.

Step #1: The first step is to create a variable referencing a Wscript.Shell COM Object.

$Shell = New-Object -ComObject ("WScript.Shell")

Step #2: The second step is to define the location and name of your shortcut. The following example will add the shortcut to the user’s desktop with a name of Your Shortcut.

$Shell = New-Object -ComObject ("WScript.Shell")
$ShortCut = $Shell.CreateShortcut($env:USERPROFILE + "\Desktop\Your Shortcut.lnk")

Step #3: The third step is to add the target path, any relevant arguments, along with anything else that may be required.

$Shell = New-Object -ComObject ("WScript.Shell")
$ShortCut = $Shell.CreateShortcut($env:USERPROFILE + "\Desktop\Your Shortcut.lnk")
$ShortCut.TargetPath="yourexecutable.exe"
$ShortCut.Arguments="-arguementsifrequired"
$ShortCut.WorkingDirectory = "c:\your\executable\folder\path";
$ShortCut.WindowStyle = 1;
$ShortCut.Hotkey = "CTRL+SHIFT+F";
$ShortCut.IconLocation = "yourexecutable.exe, 0";
$ShortCut.Description = "Your Custom Shortcut Description";

Step #4: The final step is to envoke the Save() method to save your shortcut.

$Shell = New-Object -ComObject ("WScript.Shell")
$ShortCut = $Shell.CreateShortcut($env:USERPROFILE + "\Desktop\Your Shortcut.lnk")
$ShortCut.TargetPath="yourexecutable.exe"
$ShortCut.Arguments="-arguementsifrequired"
$ShortCut.WorkingDirectory = "c:\your\executable\folder\path";
$ShortCut.WindowStyle = 1;
$ShortCut.Hotkey = "CTRL+SHIFT+F";
$ShortCut.IconLocation = "yourexecutable.exe, 0";
$ShortCut.Description = "Your Custom Shortcut Description";
$ShortCut.Save()

Step #5: As a bonus here is how you would create a Favorite in Windows which is a .url shortcut.

$Shell = New-Object -ComObject ("WScript.Shell")
$Favorite = $Shell.CreateShortcut($env:USERPROFILE + "\Desktop\Your Shortcut.url")
$Favorite.TargetPath = "http://www.yoururl.com";
$Favorite.Save()

10 Responses

  1. Nic says:

    Hello i was wondering if it is possible and how one whould command the specified url to be opened in a non default browser.
    Since sertain users need specific websites to open in specific browsers.

    The noobs thing the website is a program and refuze to use favorites.

  2. Kumar says:

    Hi i am getting below error

    Error: Unable to save shortcut “\\sites\global\npss\Dev MC Order Boards and Shelf Tags\Grocery\SP\PDFs\Store PDFs\ARR_Arroyo\VINEGAR_08FT_260A300B.lnk”.

    i am able to create shortcut in my local but i am not able to create on sharepoint server . could you please tell me the problem . and i need solution for this.

    • Steve Parankewich says:

      It looks like a permissions error trying to save it to the UNC path. Try doing a simple copy of the file to the location from PowerShell before proceeding to do the creation of a new link.

  3. Anthony L Derhovanesian says:

    Hello i was wondering how i could push the URL Script to all desktops within my OU?

    • Steve Parankewich says:

      What is your goal? You can use a login script and then it will automatically create URLs on the desktop if desired. I would add logic to only copy it if it doesn’t exist.

  4. Wj says:

    Is there a way to incorporate this into a bat file, I have a bat file setup to do other things but I need a shortcut made as well, and would like to have this setup in 1 file rather than referencing numerous files to be ran.

  1. January 22, 2016

    […] For a full run down on creating shortcuts and favorites with PowerShell head over to PowerShellBlogger.com. […]

  2. October 27, 2016

    […] create the shortcut and use the option for icon location to specify a specific icon. Try this link.powershellblogger.com/2016/01/create-shortcuts-lnk-or-url-files-with-powershell/ (1 day ago) […]

Leave a Reply to Kumar Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published.